Eversource Community: CONNECTICUT RIVER CONSERVANCY - Protecting the Connecticut River as it flows across New England. [50] In 2001, The Trust for Public Land purchased 171,000 acres (690 km2) of land in New Hampshire from International Paper, allowing the Connecticut Lakes Headwaters Partnership Task Force to plan the future protection of the land. In some places, the state line is now inundated by the impoundments of dams built after this time.[32]. [27], Vermont was claimed by both New Hampshire and New York, and was settled primarily through the issuance of land grants by New Hampshire Governor Benning Wentworth beginning in the 1740s. A treaty moved the boundary westward between the Connecticut Colony and New Netherland Colony to a point near Greenwich, Connecticut. As testament to its watershed-wide mission, the Silvio O. Conte National Fish and Wildlife Refuge is one of only three refuges in the National Wildlife Refuge System that has “Fish” in its title. Interior Secretary Ken Salazar at the May 2012 ceremony. American eels are also present, as are predators of these migratory fish including striped bass. Sandbagging by the National Guard and local volunteers helped prevent the dam's powerhouse from being overwhelmed, despite blocks of ice breaking through the upstream walls.[41]. Outstanding boating opportunities range from kayaking and quiet water boating on its more placid reaches to whitewater paddling on tributaries like the Deerfield, Farmington, and West rivers, extending downriver to heavy motor traffic between the town of Essex and the river mouth. North Walpole, New Hampshire, contained twelve to eighteen saloons, patronized by the log drivers. For decades, Springfield remained the Massachusetts Bay Colony's westernmost settlement, on the northern border of the Connecticut Colony. When the jam at Hadley, Massachusetts, gave way, the water crest overflowed the dam at Holyoke, overwhelming the sandbagging there. Most of the river from Lake Francis south is open to lure and bait as well. [38] Mount Tom was the landmark the log drivers used to gauge the distance to the final mills near Holyoke, Massachusetts. The Connecticut River is Nationally Recognized. Paperback (Third Edition) $ 19.95. Founded in 1952, the Connecticut River Watershed Council, with headquarters in Greenfield, Massachusetts, is the river's primary watchdog and steward "from source to … Diverting water from the Connecticut River was considered several times,[46] but in 1986 the Massachusetts Water Resources Authority instead undertook a campaign of water conservation. ", Society for the Protection of New Hampshire Forests, List of populated places on the Connecticut River, List of crossings of the Connecticut River, "With Cooler Water, Better Prospects for Shad Migration? These events include opportunities to directly engage with important … They later merged with members of other Algonquin tribes displaced by wars and famines. Meanwhile, lake trout and landlocked salmon reside in the upper river surrounding the Connecticut Lakes. ICE EFFECTS ON STREAMFLOW - During winter, ice formation may cause stage and discharge values to appear higher than expected. Two million residents live in the densely populated Hartford-Springfield region, which stretches roughly between the college towns of Amherst, Massachusetts, and Middletown, Connecticut. Via its longest branch, the Farmington's length increases to 80.4 miles, making it the Connecticut River's longest tributary by a mere 2.3 miles over the major river directly to its north, the Westfield River. Each fall, thousands of volunteers of all ages and abilities head out to places of their choice all along the four-state watershed (NH, VT, MA, CT) to clean the Connecticut River and its tributaries on foot or by boat. Chief of Staff Paul Mounds said Saturday the staffer was close to the governor recently, and that the i… The Connecticut River is a barrier to travel between western and eastern New England. The Connecticut segment of the river is polluted with mercury levels far beyond background levels, starting at the confluence with the Still River. [13], The Pequots dominated a territory in the southern region of the Connecticut River valley, stretching roughly from the river's mouth at Old Saybrook, Connecticut north to just below the Big Bend at Middletown. [53] In the Middle Connecticut region, the river reaches its maximum depth – 130 feet (40 m) – at Gill, Massachusetts, around the French King Bridge, and its maximum width – 2,100 feet (640 m) – at Longmeadow, directly across from the Six Flags New England amusement park. Facebook Share. Several major transportation corridors cross the river including Amtrak's Northeast Corridor, Interstate 95 (Connecticut Turnpike), Interstate 90 (Massachusetts Turnpike), Interstate 89, Interstate 93, and Interstate 84. Access information about your residential account, outages, safety tips and more. The Connecticut River Valley's central location, fertile soil, and abundant natural resources made it the target of centuries of border disputes, beginning with Springfield's defection from the Connecticut Colony in 1641, which brought the Massachusetts Bay Colony to the river. This resulted in an unsuccessful lawsuit by the state of Connecticut against the diversion of its riparian waters. Ned Lamont’s staff has tested positive for COVID-19. Read more about Bartlett’s work. In Saxtons River, Vermont, the killer changed tactics to murder Lynda Moore during a home invasion on May 15, 1986. By 1654, however, the success of these English settlements rendered the Dutch position untenable on the Connecticut River. [62], The Connecticut River and its many tributaries are home to many typical New England fresh water species. After an absence of more than 200 years, Atlantic salmon have been reintroduced to the Connecticut by the U.S. The Connecticut River is a source of life and livelihood for many in Western Massachusetts. [36] A final pulp drive consisted of 100,000 cords of four-foot logs in 1918. ... and said the river is the source of roughly 10 to 15 percent of his business. With hundreds of access points and over 50 primitive campsites, the Connecticut River provides a unique experience to paddle through the heart of New England. Destinations. 1635) and Springfield (est. Fish & Wildlife Service", "Fish Stocks Rebound After Vermont Yankee Shutdown", "Freshwater Mussels and the Connecticut River Watershed", https://web.archive.org/web/20141015183508/http://www.bio.umass.edu/biology/conn.river/bryozoa.html, "River Watchers, Tackling Speeders and Thin Budgets", "News and Information from Northampton, MA by the Daily Hampshire Gazette – GazetteNet.com", Connecticut River Valley Flood Control Commission, Tri-state Connecticut River Watershed Initiative, "Connecticut, a river of the United States", Edwin B. Forsythe National Wildlife Refuge, Heron Pond – Little Black Slough Nature Preserve, Tijuana River National Estuarine Research Reserve, Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge, North Fork East Branch Pemigewasset River, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Connecticut_River&oldid=991330739, Rivers of Hampshire County, Massachusetts, Articles containing undetermined-language text, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from Collier's Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Connecticut River Estuary and Tidal River Wetlands Complex, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 14:14. Numerous tribes lived throughout the fertile Connecticut River valley prior to Dutch exploration beginning in 1614. It is the Fourth Connecticut Lake in New Hampshire, just below a ridge where a U.S. Customs station sits at the Canadian border, that is the source of the Connecticut River. Building off the federal Connecticut River Blueway Designation, American Rivers is continuing to bring expertise in developing river recreation and protection opportunities to the watershed to engage with partners and help direct funding for these efforts. The Farmington River's … Once described as America’s “best landscaped sewer,” the Connecticut has largely rebounded from hard times and today provides drinking water for millions and supports recreational uses, important fisheries, and healthy landscapes. Connecticut River Paddlers’ Trail; Source to Sea Paddlers’ Recognition & Stories; Guided Fishing & Paddle Trips; News and Events. Twitter Share. Its watershed spans Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Vermont, small portions of Maine, and the Canadian province of Quebec. Eight of the 12 species in the watershed are listed as endangered, threatened, or of special concern in one or more of the states in the watershed. Listed from south to north by location of mouth: Founders Bridge in Hartford, with a view of the Bulkeley Bridge upstream, Mist upstream of the Bissell Bridge between Windsor and South Windsor, CT. Shad run as far north as Holyoke, Massachusetts where they are lifted over the Holyoke Dam by a fish elevator. Wild country, my friend. River days : exploring the Connecticut River from source to sea. Recently I hiked into the source of the Connecticut River, something I hadn’t done in many years. [58] The Cabot and Turners Falls hydroelectric stations generate up to 68 MW.[59]. Running 410 miles from the Canadian border to Long Island Sound, it is the region's longest river and one of only 14 designated American Heritage Rivers in the nation recognized for its distinctive natural, economic, agricultural, … The exact definition of the region varies, but it generally is considered to extend south to Windsor, Vermont and Cornish, New Hampshire, and north to Bradford, Vermont and Piermont, New Hampshire. [14] The Mattabesset (Tunxis) tribe takes its name from the place where its sachems ruled at the Connecticut River's Big Bend at Middletown, in a village sandwiched between the territories of the aggressive Pequots to the south and the more peaceable Mohegans to the north. [5] It produces 70% of Long Island Sound's fresh water, discharging at 18,400 cubic feet (520 m3) per second. The Source to Sea Jump-In Journey begins at the source of the Connecticut River near the Canadian border on July 15 and ends at the Long Island Sound on July 30. Connecticut River Boating Guide: Source To Sea: Connecticut River Watershed Council: Amazon.sg: Books In response, the Massachusetts Bay Colony solidified its friendship with Springfield by levying a toll on Connecticut Colony ships entering Boston Harbor. This station publishes annual statistics of the run, and has recorded an occasional salmon. Each fall, volunteer group leaders coordinate local cleanup sites where thousands of participants of all ages and abilities spend a … The history of the Connecticut River can be told through dams. This thermal pollution appears to be associated with an 80% decline in American shad fish numbers from 1992 to 2005 at Holyoke dam. In 1623, Dutch traders constructed a fortified trading post at the site of Hartford, Connecticut called the Fort Huys de Hoop ("Fort House of Hope").[24]. The Connecticut River carries a heavy amount of silt from as far north as Quebec, especially during the spring snow melt. [52] The forest is managed by the Lyme Timber Company, and the conservation easement over the land ensures sustainable forest management of the property. But the Connecticut’s undersized crossings are easily obstructed and prone to failure during large storms such as Tropical Storm Irene in 2011, when over 1,000 culverts and 500 bridges failed. Designated the “long tidal river” by the Algonquian peoples of southern New England, it stretches over 410 miles and passes through four states—starting at the northern tip of New Hampshire along the Quebec border and passing through Vermont, Massachusetts, and Connecticut on its way to Long Island Sound. Major cities on the Connecticut River are Hartford and Springfield, which lie 45 and 69 miles (70 and 110 km) upriver respectively. There are several species of anadromous and catadromous fish, including brook trout, winter flounder, blueback herring, alewife, rainbow trout, large brown trout, American shad (Alosa sapidissima), hickory shad, smallmouth bass, Atlantic sturgeon, striped bass (Morone saxatilis), American eel, sea lamprey, and endangered shortnose sturgeon and dwarf wedgemussels. Every second, it pours about 19,600 cubic feet (560 cubic meters) per second into its mouth at Long Island Sound, part of the Atlantic Ocean. New England communities were built along the banks of rivers and dams have been a central component since the beginning to provide water for irrigation, power generation, industrial operations, and drinking. Men guided logs through a 400-foot (120 m) drop along the length of Fifteen-Mile Falls[36] (now submerged under Moore and Comerford reservoirs), and through Logan's Rips at Fitzdale, Mulligan's Lower Pitch, and Seven Islands. Its creators recognized the need to protect the whole river system and its wide variety of unique habitats ranging from northern forest to salt marshes in order to protect migratory fish and other species dependent upon the Connecticut River corridor. image 4 3/4 x 7″ mat: 11 x 14″ The English illustrator William H. Bartlett traveled throughout the USA in the 19th century. Rather than the usual two-day event, the 24th annual Connecticut River Conservancy’s Source to Sea Cleanup is a month-long event that will last … Several log drivers died trying to move logs through Perry Falls in Pittsburg. The pond is know as Fourth Connecticut Lake. Please check with your local watershed … [15], The Mohegans dominated the region due north, where Hartford and its suburbs sit, particularly after allying themselves with the Colonists against the Pequots during the Pequot War of 1637. Ship This Item — Qualifies for Free Shipping Buy Online, Pick up in Store Check Availability at Nearby Stores . Fish and Wildlife Service. (WWLP) – The Connecticut River Conservancy is hosting its 24th annual Source to Sea Cleanup throughout the month of September. Rescue efforts using a flotilla of boats saved people trapped in upper stories of buildings, bringing them to local fraternal lodges, schools, churches and monasteries for lodging, medical care, and food. This decline may have been exacerbated by over-fishing in the mid-Atlantic and predation from resurging striped bass populations. It rises at the U.S. border with Quebec, Canada, and discharges at Long Island Sound. Information concerning how these tribes lived and interacted stems mostly from English accounts written during the 1630s. Rather than the usual two-day event, the 24th annual Connecticut River Conservancy’s Source to Sea Cleanup is a month-long event that will last … PROVISIONAL DATA SUBJECT TO REVISION. Please join us. Sign up at a Sunday service, or email one of us: Ron Grosslein. WETHERSFIELD-- The Connecticut River Conservancy's annual "Source to Sea" cleanup event drew in crowds of volunteers around Connecticut Saturday morning. Another member of Connecticut Gov. The river and its tributaries have received several federal designations for their wild and scenic nature and importance to the region’s cultural heritage. But, while we hear a lot about it and always see it on the map we thought we’d take some time to learn a bit more about this beautiful waterway. Any idea where the source is? Some towns keep boats available if needed. [68] In Massachusetts, the most active stretch of the Connecticut River is centered on the Oxbow, 14 miles (23 km) north of Springfield in the college town of Northampton. The Connecticut River was designated the first National Blueway under the America’s Great Outdoors Initiative by the Obama administration in 2012. For a look at the larger effort, follow this link: See you at the river! The dam at Vernon, Vermont, was topped by 19 feet (5.8 m). Although not a major tourist destination, it does have an architecturally notable center. SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 26, 9:30 TO NOON at various locations. [32][54] The Connecticut's largest falls – South Hadley Falls – features a vertical drop of 58 feet (18 m). Since then, the river has been restored from Class D to Class B (fishable and swimmable). It was designated as one of 14 American Heritage Rivers in 1997. The first group of pioneers left the Plymouth Colony in 1632 and ultimately founded the village of Matianuck (which became Windsor, Connecticut) several miles north of the Dutch fort. [24] Shortly after Hooker's arrival, Newtowne annexed Matianuck based on laws articulated in Connecticut's settlement charter, the Warwick Patent of 1631. Connecticut River Source to Sea Cleanup Saturday in Middletown - Middletown, CT - Volunteers are needed for cleanup on land and along the river's edge … [26] It was initially named Agawam Plantation and was allied with the settlements to the south that became the state of Connecticut, but it switched allegiances in 1641 and was renamed Springfield in honor of Pynchon's native town in England.[26]. [16] The agricultural Pocomtuc tribe lived in unfortified villages alongside the Connecticut River north of the Enfield Falls on the fertile stretch of hills and meadows surrounding Springfield, Massachusetts. The river has fly-fishing-only regulations on 5 miles (8 km) of river. Is the River Clean? [4] Its watershed encompasses 11,260 square miles (29,200 km2), covering parts of five U.S. states and one Canadian province, via 148 tributaries, 38 of which are major rivers. Located within parts of four New England states—New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, and Connecticut—the 36,000-acre refuge, named for its championing Congressman, is the only refuge of its kind to encompass an entire watershed. They pass an additional elevator in Turners Falls, Massachusetts and make it at least as far as Bellows Falls, Vermont. A log boom was built between Wells River, Vermont, and Woodsville, New Hampshire, to hold the logs briefly and release them gradually to avoid jams in the Ox Bow. The Swift River, a tributary of the Chicopee, has been dammed and largely replaced by the Quabbin Reservoir which provides water to the Massachusetts Water Resources Authority district in eastern Massachusetts, including Boston and its metropolitan area. [52], Following the most recent ice age, the Middle Connecticut River Valley sat at the bottom of Lake Hitchcock. [29] Ethan Allen, the Green Mountain Boys, and other residents of the disputed area resisted attempts by New York to exercise authority there, which resulted in the establishment of the independent Vermont Republic in 1777[30] and its eventual accession to the United States in 1791 as the fourteenth state. It flows through the remaining Connecticut Lakes and Lake Francis for 14 miles (23 km), all within the town of Pittsburg, and then widens as it delineates 255 miles (410 km) of the border between New Hampshire and Vermont. This third edition covers the entire waterway from its source at the Canadian border to Long Island Sound, dividing the river into twenty-eight reaches with accompanying GPS-compatible maps. source: N.P. Occasionally, these villages endured invasions from more aggressive confederated tribes living in New York, such as the Mohawk, Mahican, and Iroquois tribes. They warred with and attempted to subjugate neighboring agricultural tribes such as the Western Niantics, while maintaining an uneasy stand-off with their rivals the Mohegans. A 1959 trip on the Connecticut River from the Canadian border to Long Island Sound increased public awareness of its sad state at the time. ", "Environment & Geography: Written in the Rocks and Sand", "Connecticut River Flood Control Compact", "Designated Rivers: The Connecticut River", "State officials to perambulate the border between N.H. and Vermont (symbolically, that is)", "Upper Valley Bi-State Regional Chamber of Commerce", "171,000-Acre CT Headwaters Now Protected (NH)", "Geological History of the Connecticut River Valley", "Stop 1-7B: Abyssal Depths in Turner's Falls Area, French King Bridge", "Type 6 Conservation Site – Connecticut River Estuary", "Connecticut River May Soon Flow Freely Again", "21 New England municipal electric utilities make historic hydropower purchase commitment", "Fisheries Program - Northeast Region – U.S. “The Connecticut River Watershed is a model for how communities can integrate their land and water stewardship efforts with an emphasis on ‘source-to-sea’ watershed conservation,” announced U.S. The treaty allowed the Dutch to maintain their trading post at Fort Huys de Hoop, which they did until the 1664 British takeover of New Netherland. Please check with your local watershed organization for the status of their programs. Men detailed to this work utilized Woodsville's saloons and red-light district. HartBeat Ensemble is premiering the local history dramas "Up and Down the River," a series of short audio plays co-written by Mohegan tribe members Madeline Sayet and Melissa Tantaquidgeon Zobel. Connecticut River Source to Sea Cleanup Saturday in Middletown - Middletown, CT - Volunteers are needed for cleanup on land and along the river's edge … Connecticut River Conservancy, Chicopee 4 Rivers Watershed Council, Deerfield River Watershed Association, Putney Rowing Club, and Southeastern Vermont Watershed Alliance are planning to begin monitoring in July 2020. These include dace, crawfish, hellgramites, freshwater mussels, typical frog species, snapping turtles, and brook trout. The Connecticut remains among the most extensively dammed rivers in the nation. A group left the Massachusetts Bay Colony from Watertown, seeking a site where they could practice their religion more freely. The terrain becomes rugged and uninhabited, and a series of lakes emerges: the First, Second, Third and Fourth Connecticut lakes, labeled from south to north. From its source at Fourth Connecticut Lake to Long Island Sound, the Connecticut River offers more than 400 miles of boating opportunity and The Connecticut River Boating Guide: Source to Sea tells you everything you need to know before heading out with your kayak, canoe, or powerboat. [52] The Trust for Public Land worked in partnership with the Society for the Protection of New Hampshire Forests, The Nature Conservancy of New Hampshire, and others to raise around $42 million. From the event website: The Source to Sea Cleanup is an annual trash cleanup of the Connecticut River system – rivers, streams and banks, parks, boat launches, trails and more. Wild, natural scenery abounds along the 410-mile Connecticut River, which is heralded as the first—and only—National Blueway designated under the America’s Great Outdoors initiative by the Obama administration in 2012. River Days: Exploring the Connecticut River from Source to Sea: Tougias, Mike: Amazon.sg: Books It is the Fourth Connecticut Lake in New Hampshire, just below a ridge where a U.S. Customs station sits at … The city lost power, and nighttime looting caused the police to issue a "shoot on sight" edict; 800 National Guard troops were brought in to help maintain order. Many typical New England Source ] several Native American tribes have lived the. Falls in Pittsburg by 1989, reaching approximately a 25 % margin of safety by 2009 1915, pleasure. 36,000 by 1790 of 1965 had a major impact on controlling water pollution in the Connecticut Conservancy! 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